Monday, 17 October 2011

Memulakan pengajaran (Mencungkil idea pelajar)

Sebelum memulakan kelas guru perlulah memulakan sesi pengajaran dengan cara yang betul.Ini kerana , kita perlu menarik minat para pelajar untuk mengetahui apa yang ingin mereka belajar pada hari tersebut dan mengapa mereka perlu tahu dan bagaimana mereka ingin membina idea yang terbaik. Akan di sambung esok......



Sunday, 2 October 2011

What is it ?

1. What is Project Based Learning (PBL)?

In research conducted by the AutoDesk Foundation, teachers from seventeen schools agreed that PBL exhibited similar characteristics:
Characteristics of project- based learning
  • Students make decisions within a prescribed framework.
  • There’s a problem or challenge without a predetermined solution.
  • Students design the process for reaching a solution.
  • Students are responsible for accessing and managing the information they gather.
  • Evaluation takes place continuously.
  • Students regularly reflect on what they’re doing.
  • A final product (not necessarily material) is produced and is evaluated for quality.
  • The classroom has an atmosphere that tolerates error and change.

Generally speaking,
students engaged in a project...

  • ...have some choice in deciding what they will work on.
  • ...plan their own project.
  • ...participate in defining criteria and rubrics to assess their project.
  • ...solve problems they encounter while working on their project.
  • ...make some sort of presentation of their project.
The project-based learning approach creates a "constructivist" learning environment in which students construct their own knowledge. Whereas in the "old school" model the teacher was the task master -- in the "new school" model the teacher becomes the facilitator


What is Project-Based Learning?
Project Based Learning is an instructional approach built upon authentic learning activities that engage student interest and motivation. These activities are designed to answer a question or solve a problem and generally reflect the types of learning and work people do in the everyday world outside the classroom.
Project Based Learning is synonymous with learning in depth. A well-designed project provokes students to encounter (and struggle with) the central concepts and principles of a discipline.
Project Based Learning teaches students 21 st century skills as well as content. These skills include communication and presentation skills, organization and time management skills, research and inquiry skills, self-assessment and reflection skills, and group participation and leadership skills.
Project Based Learning is generally done by groups of students working together toward a common goal. Performance is assessed on an individual basis, and takes into account the quality of the product produced, the depth of content understanding demonstrated, and the contributions made to the ongoing process of project realization.
Finally, Project Based Learning allows students to reflect upon their own ideas and opinions, exercise voice and choice, and make decisions that affect project outcomes and the learning process in general.
Combining these considerations, we define Project Based Learning as:
a systematic teaching method that engages students in learning essential knowledge and life-enhancing skills through an extended, student-influenced inquiry process structured around complex, authentic questions and carefully designed products and tasks.

The PBL-Online Approach to Successful Project Design
Although many teachers “do projects,” not all projects lead to learning. To help teachers use Project Based Learning effectively with their students (rather than simply “do projects”), PBL-Online incorporates the project design methodology developed by the Buck Institute for Education (link to This methodology yields projects that meet today’s standards for accountability and teach students the academic content and the 21 st century skills they need for life success.
The BIE methodology is based on research in constructivist learning, content mastery and critical thinking, and incorporates the project management skills valued by today’s global industries. The focus is on helping students move through an inquiry process that stimulates their thinking, engages them in authentic tasks, and demands demonstration of mastery.
The BIE model aligns closely with recent youth development research and theory, and reflects current thinking about rigor, relevance, and relationship as the keys to educational reform at the secondary level. Both of these fields emphasize the importance of relationship-driven classrooms where adult mentors help students engage more deeply in the learning process and develop rigorous, positive attitudes towards academic achievement.
To learn more about PBL, please visit the Buck Institute for Education(links to website. You will find: